Loʻi Kalo

Waist deep

Waist deep

Hana ka lima. Mahalo _hookuaaina for allowing us to kako'o yesterday

Hana ka lima. Mahalo _hookuaaina for allowing us to kako'o yesterday

#loilove morning _hookuaaina

#loilove morning _hookuaaina

Alumni on the aina

Alumni on the aina

One of my most favorite activities..

One of my most favorite activities..

Manaful, maika'i day in #maunawili

Manaful, maika'i day in #maunawili

No #imu is complete without the #poi! #paiai #kalo #nokaoi #hawaiinative

No #imu is complete without the #poi! #paiai #kalo #nokaoi #hawaiinative

Great #loi sampling action yesterday with _ja_beeb_'s #1

Great #loi sampling action yesterday with _ja_beeb_'s #1

Feet in the 'āina, heart in the culture, hands in the science and eyes looking to the past towards t

Feet in the 'āina, heart in the culture, hands in the science and eyes looking to the past towards t

Healthy & productive #kalo require healthy #water and #mud

Healthy & productive #kalo require healthy #water and #mud

Sampling action up mauka yesterday

Sampling action up mauka yesterday

Refreshing auau wai

Refreshing auau wai

Malama mana wela'a lo'i

Malama mana wela'a lo'i

environmental stream bubbles

environmental stream bubbles

Curators of kalo

Curators of kalo

Bursting water

Bursting water

#loilove today at mana wela'a propagation area

#loilove today at mana wela'a propagation area

I wish I could eat you right now!!! #kalo fresh from mana wela'a #loikalo #loilove! Thanks uncle!!!!

I wish I could eat you right now!!! #kalo fresh from mana wela'a #loikalo #loilove! Thanks uncle!!!!

    Native Hawaiians constructed subsistence farming systems utilizing intensive irrigation-based terraces built off intact stream ecosystems to support indigenous crops (e.g. kalo). Kalo is of incredible economic, cultural and religious importance to the Hawaiian people.  Aside from being the staple starch crop of the Hawaiian diet, kalo is greatly respected as the older brother of all Hawaiians.  Because of the historical use of herbicides in Hawaii’s intensive agricultural age, there is great concern about lingering sources of pollutants in our watersheds that are capable of harming our food crops. 

   As the community works towards restoring ancient practices of subsistence farming to feed both the bodies and spirits of our community, we face many contemporary challenges - including congested irrigation systems, invasive plants, inadequate aeration and pollutants. Inadequate aeration has been especially problematic for kalo farmers because the lack of oxygen promotes root rot as well as other microbial processes. 

We extremely grateful to our collaborations and interactions with Kakoʻo Ōiwi, Papahana Kuaola, Loʻi o Kanewai, Hoʻokuaʻāina, Kamehameha Schools, Hawaiinuiakea

Research Interests:
Study Sites:

Environmental drivers of microbial dynamics

Microbial impact on biogeochemical cycles

Relationships between thermodynamic and kinetic metabolic processes

Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana FrankHawaii Microbes Microbiology Labhuiofrank PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC
Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Laieikawai Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana Frank Kiana FrankHawaii Microbes Microbiology Labhuiofrank PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC PBRC